|"To speak the name of the dead is to make them live again,
it restores the breath of life to him who has vanished,"
Innumerable prayers exhort the pilgrim to perform the rites when passing near a tomb-
The IDEA of servicing a cult image (KA
was a summoning, inviting the spirit to inhabit it. A ritual interaction, with spells and offering formulas, to make it fit as a suitable abode for the Ka of the King, the Ka of the God.
Offerings were essential, or gods, kings, etc., would not work for Egypt! Neglect of these offerings could and would spell catastrophe. (It was kinda like paying the gods, kings and their priests to work for Egypt)
Temple offerings, starting with the chief god, were taken on to successive gods and goddesses, kings, etc., nobles, etc., mortuary temples, etc., ending with the living priests. the offerings were 'passed' around, so that the whole community benefited, as priests were local residents who took turns serving in local temples. Often these posts were hereditary. Priests served for two months, then the next set would come in.
|Pharaoh||The Living God, The Good God: Son of the Sun,
Living Horus, Lord of the Two Lands, Everything
was always done in twos, one for Upper and one for
Lower Egypt. Pharaoh come from the words for
Great House, Per Aa. The Heir-Aparent, or "Crown
Prince" was called the Horus-in-the Nest.
|Copyright © 2002, René O'Deay
Revised -- May 22, 2002
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