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Egyptian offerings ''
Gods   Goddesses  
Pharaoh ''
Royal Protectors ''
"To speak the name of the dead is to make them live again,
it restores the breath of life to him who has vanished,"
funerary inscriptions.

Innumerable prayers exhort the pilgrim to perform the rites when passing near a tomb-

The IDEA of servicing a cult image (KA statue or god statue) by 

  • awakening,
  • cleansing,
  • anointing, 
  • dressing,
  • even applying cosmetics,
was a  summoning, inviting the spirit to inhabit it. A ritual interaction, with spells and offering formulas, to make it fit as a suitable abode for the Ka of the King, the Ka of the God.
Offerings were essential, or gods, kings, etc., would not work for Egypt! Neglect of these offerings could and would spell catastrophe. (It was kinda like paying the gods, kings and their priests to work for Egypt)

Temple offerings, starting with the chief god, were taken on to successive gods and goddesses, kings, etc., nobles, etc., mortuary temples, etc., ending with the living priests. the offerings were 'passed' around, so that the whole community benefited, as priests were local residents who took turns serving in local temples. Often these posts were hereditary. Priests served for two months, then the next set would come in.

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Amen hieroglyphs Patron God of Thebes, the Hidden One
AmenRe hieroglyphs Amen and the Sun God Combined
hieroglyphs Aten portrayed as Disc with hands at end of Sunrays
The Sun God as Disc, the Face of God
Re, Ra hieroglyphs The Sun God
Horus hieroglyphshieroglyphs Falcon god of Sun, Son of Osiris
Osiris hieroglyphs Lord of the Dead
Anubis hieroglyphs Jackal Guide
Seth, Set hieroglyphs Brother & Slayer of Osiris
Thoth hieroglyphs God of wisdom, writing, Scribes
Ptah hieroglyphs The Great Artificer
Shu hieroglyphs God of the Sky
Hapi God of the Nile
Min God of Sky and Storms
Geb God of the Earth
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Isis hieroglyph Sister-Wife of Osiris
Mother of Horus
Maet hieroglyphs Goddess of Truth and Order, sails with Re on Boat of a Million Years
Nut hieroglyphs Goddess of the Heavens and stars, gives birth to Re every morning
Mut Consort of AmenRe
Selket Scorpion goddess, control of magic and treater of scorpion stings.
Nepthys Sister of Isis, Osiris, and Seth, wife of Seth, protrectress of the dead.
Hathor Goddess of Love, Consort of Horus


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Pharaoh The Living God, The Good God: Son of the Sun,
Living Horus, Lord of the Two Lands, Everything
was always done in twos, one for Upper and one for
Lower Egypt. Pharaoh come from the words for
Great House, Per Aa. The Heir-Aparent, or "Crown
Prince" was called the Horus-in-the Nest.
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Royal Protectors
Cobra:The Great Enchantress
Buto or Wadjet
goddess of Lower Egypt,
part of Royal headdresss,
gave the power to read minds
and to slay souls.
Royal Cobra, goddess of Lower Egypt
Vulture: Nekhbet,
goddess of Upper Egypt,
queens wore a vulture headdress,
associated with Mut,
consort of AmenRe,
or mother of the Good God.
Royal Vulture, goddess of Upper Egypt
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Copyright © 2002, René O'Deay
Revised -- May 22, 2002

URL:this page URL here

Egyptian graphics by:Designs by Dawn Additional graphics: Bars & Blue Mailbox courtesy of HTML4Dummies